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482 Visa (TSS VISA)

Short-term stream

Short-Term Stream (2-4 years): This fast-track option allows companies to address immediate and critical skill shortages. Ideal for filling specialised roles where no suitable Australian candidate exists. The visa allows you to work for a maximum of 2 years, potentially extending to 4 years under specific circumstances. However, you are restricted to working solely for the sponsoring employer who nominated you for the visa.

482 Visa (TSS VISA)

Medium-term stream

Medium-Term Stream (up to 4 years): This stream caters to situations requiring skilled workers for a longer period, typically up to 4 years. Similar to the short-term stream, you can generally only work for the sponsoring employer. However, it may offer a pathway to permanent residency if you meet specific requirements.

482 Visa (TSS VISA)

Labour Agreement stream

Labour Agreement Stream (variable): This stream caters to businesses with a pre-existing agreement with the Australian Government regarding specific skilled worker needs. The agreement dictates the work rights and limitations attached to the visa. You can only work for the employer and in the specific role outlined in the agreement, offering stability but with limited flexibility.

482 Visa (TSS VISA)

Subsequent entrant

Subsequent Entrant Stream (no set time): This stream is designed for family members of existing 482 visa holders. It allows your family to live in Australia and potentially work. However, this stream doesn't guarantee work rights. Family members would need to apply for separate work authorisation through another visa pathway.

Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) Visa Subclass 482 Application Process

Step 1: Sponsorship Application

The first step in obtaining a Temporary Skill Shortage Visa TSS 482 visa is a sponsorship application submitted by the employer. The employer must be a lawful, actively operating business that complies with local labour laws and employment standards. This step ensures that only legitimate businesses in good standing can bring in overseas workers, supporting ethical employment practices.

Step 2: Nomination Application

Following the sponsorship approval, the second step involves a nomination application. This part of the process details the specific position to be filled, includes salary information, documents efforts made to recruit Australian workers, and assesses the ‘genuineness’ of the position to be filled. The nominating business must demonstrate viability and a genuine need to sponsor an employee from overseas.

Step 3: Visa Application

The final step is the visa application, which the nominated employee must complete. The applicant must provide evidence of the required skills for the nominated position and meet health and character requirements. This step confirms the employee’s qualifications, ensuring they are well-suited to contribute to Australia’s workforce.

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Here’s a comparison of the three types of TSS 482 visas in Australia: the Medium and Long Term TSS Visa (482), the Short-Term TSS Visa (482), and the TSS 482 Visa – Regional (ROL):

FeatureMedium and Long Term TSS Visa (482)Short-Term TSS Visa (482)TSS 482 Visa – Regional (ROL)
Occupation ListMLTSSLSTSOLRegional Occupations List (ROL)
RenewalRenewable onshore and unlimited timesRenewable once onshore (2+2 max) + more offshore; Further renewal possible under specific conditionsRenewable onshore and unlimited times
Pathway to Permanent ResidencyAfter 2 yearsFrom 25 November 2023 through the 186 visa (specific eligibility criteria required to meet to be eligible for this pathway)Through the 494 visa and from 25 November 2023 through the 186 visa
English RequirementsIELTS 5 (no skill below 5) or equivalent, unless exemptIELTS overall 5 (no skill below 4.5) or equivalent; unless exemptIELTS 5 (no skill below 5) or equivalent, unless exempt
Work Experience Requirement2 years of relevant work experience and meet ANZSCO requirements2 years of relevant work experience and meet ANZSCO requirements2 years of relevant work experience and meet ANZSCO requirements
Age LimitNo age limitNo age limitNo age limit
Health and Character RequirementsMust meet health and character requirementsMust meet health and character requirementsMust meet health and character requirements
Labour Market Testing (LMT)Employer tests the Australian labour market before sponsoringEmployer tests the Australian labour market before sponsoringEmployer tests the Australian labour market before sponsoring
Salary RequirementsMust pay the Australian Market Salary Rate (AMSR)Must pay the Australian Market Salary Rate (AMSR)Must pay the Australian Market Salary Rate (AMSR)
Employer Location (Specific to ROL)N/AN/AThe employer must be in a designated regional area

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Comparison of Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage Visa and Subclass 186 Employer Nomination Scheme Visa

The key differences between the Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage visa (TSS) and the Subclass 186 Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) visa:

FeatureSubclass 482 TSS VisaSubclass 186 ENS Visa
Visa TypeTemporaryPermanent
PurposeLets an employer sponsor a suitably skilled worker for a specific position they cannot fill with an Australian worker.Allows skilled workers, nominated by their employer, to live and work in Australia permanently.
DurationTemporary; duration depends on whether the position is short-term or medium to long-term.Permanent residency from the start.
RenewabilityRenewable under certain conditions; specifics depend on the stream under which it is granted.Not applicable as it grants permanent residency.
Pathway to ResidencyPossible pathway to permanent residency, depending on the visa stream and eligibility for other visa subclasses.Directly grants permanent residency.
Occupation ListsDepends on the nominated occupation; includes Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) or Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL).Requires occupations to be on the relevant list for permanent residency pathways.
Labour Market Testing (LMT)Generally required, proving no suitable Australian worker is available for the job.Required, demonstrating the need for a foreign worker and the lack of available Australian workers.
Employer RequirementsThe employer must sponsor the applicant and prove the need for a foreign worker in the specific position.Employer nomination is essential, with similar requirements to prove the need for a foreign worker.

For Individuals:

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Employer requirements for the TSS 482 visa

Requirement CategoryDetails for TSS 482 Visa Employers
SAF Levy– Businesses with turnover less than $10 million: $1,200 per employee annually.
– Businesses with a turnover of $10 million or more: $1,800 per employee annually.
Labour Market Testing (LMT)Employers must advertise the position on two nationally reaching platforms to demonstrate an effort to recruit Australians before hiring internationally (unless exempt under international trade obligations).
Salary RequirementsMust pay at least the market salary rate to ensure fair treatment of overseas workers and to avoid undercutting local labour market standards. Salary must also meet or exceed the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT) of $73,150 plus superannuation (from 1 July 2024).
CaveatsSpecific occupations may have higher minimum salary requirements or additional operational prerequisites.

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